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July 31, 2008

Green Thinking

Gas-saving tips

With fuel prices at record levels, many of us are asking ourselves how we can save money on gas and use less of it -- not only to help our bank accounts, but also to make a positive difference for the planet and the global community we live in.

We've gathered together some tips and resources to help you. If you have additional suggestions, please join the discussion with a comment below.

MOST FUEL-EFFICIENT CARS

If you're in the market for a new car, don't miss our compilation of the most fuel-efficient vehicles.

http://blog.marketplace.nwsource.com/autosnews/2007/12/2008_most_fuel_efficient.html

GENERAL TIPS

The following information, plus more gas-saving tips, is available at fueleconomy.gov. If you're deciding whether to buy a particular car, their fuel-economy calculator is handy. Some of their advice:

• Observe the speed limit
While each vehicle reaches its optimal fuel economy at a different speed (or range of speeds), gas mileage usually decreases rapidly at speeds above 60 mph. You can assume that each 5 mph you drive over 60 mph is like paying an additional $0.30 per gallon for gas (based on an assumed fuel price of $4.08/gallon). Observing the speed limit is also safer.

• Remove excess weight from your vehicle
Avoid keeping unnecessary items in your vehicle, especially heavy ones. An extra 100 pounds in your vehicle could reduce your mpg by up to 2 percent. The reduction is based on the percentage of extra weight relative to the vehicle's weight and affects smaller vehicles more than larger ones.

• Avoid excessive idling
Cars with larger engines typically waste more gas at idle than do cars with smaller engines.

• Use cruise control
Using cruise control on the highway helps you maintain a constant speed and, in most cases, will save gas.

• Use overdrive gears
When you use overdrive gearing, your car's engine speed goes down. This saves gas and reduces engine wear.

MAINTAIN YOUR CAR

Fixing a car that is noticeably out of tune or has failed an emissions test can improve its gas mileage by an average of 4 percent, though results vary based on the kind of repair and how well it is done.

Fixing a serious maintenance problem, such as a faulty oxygen sensor, can improve your mileage by as much as 40 percent.

• Check and replace air filters regularly
Replacing a clogged air filter can improve your car's gas mileage by as much as 10 percent. Your car's air filter keeps impurities from damaging the inside of your engine. Not only will replacing a dirty air filter save gas, it will protect your engine.

• Keep tires properly inflated
You can improve your gas mileage by around 3.3 percent by keeping your tires inflated to the proper pressure. Underinflated tires can lower gas mileage by 0.4 percent for every 1 psi drop in pressure of all four tires. Properly inflated tires are safer and last longer.

• Use the recommended grade of motor oil
You can improve your gas mileage by 1-2 percent by using the manufacturer's recommended grade of motor oil. For example, using 10W-30 motor oil in an engine designed to use 5W-30 can lower your gas mileage by 1-2 percent. Using 5W-30 in an engine designed for 5W-20 can lower your gas mileage by 1-1.5 percent. Also, look for motor oil that says "Energy Conserving" on the API performance symbol to be sure it contains friction-reducing additives.

PLANNING AND COMBINING TRIPS

• Commuting
If you can stagger your work hours to avoid peak rush hours, you'll spend less time sitting in traffic and consume less fuel.

If you own more than one vehicle, drive the one that gets the best gas mileage whenever possible.

Consider telecommuting (working from home) if your employer permits it.

If possible, take advantage of carpools and ride-share programs. You can cut your weekly fuel costs in half and save wear on your car if you take turns driving with other commuters. Many urban areas allow vehicles with multiple passengers to use special High Occupancy Vehicle (HOV) lanes.

Consider using public transit if it is available and convenient for you. The American Public Transit Transportation Association has links to information about public transportation in your state.

• Traveling
A roof rack or carrier provides additional cargo space and may allow you to meet your needs with a smaller car. However, a loaded roof rack can decrease your fuel economy by 5 percent. Reduce aerodynamic drag and improve your fuel economy by placing items inside the trunk whenever possible.

Avoid carrying unneeded items, especially heavy ones. An extra 100 pounds in the trunk reduces a typical car's fuel economy by 1-2 percent.

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